Wealth Management: Instant Insights – Artificial Intelligence
William Haggard and Arvis Tilgalis, Wealth Management
Idea in brief: Investing in AI
Narrow vs Strong AI
Two types of AI permeate the global economy today: narrow and strong. Virtually all current AI is narrow AI, where AI is used to carry out a specific programmed function.
AI filters across businesses
Machine learning, cognitive systems, robotics and smart machines all claim to use AI. As a result, AI will push demand for jobs away from repetitive tasks.
Three sectors to watch
eCommerce, technology and healthcare companies are sectors where the impact of AI is visible and tangible.
AI's coming of age
The birth of artificial intelligence (AI) can be traced to an eight-week workshop held by mathematicians and scientists at Dartmouth College in 1956. Fast forward and the advent of big data, faster computers and better public and private sector funding led to an explosion of AI-enhanced products and services in the early 2000s.
Today, two types of AI permeate the global economy. Narrow AI is used to execute specific tasks such as voice and facial recognition or virtual assistance platforms such as Apple's Siri or Amazon's Alexa. Meanwhile, strong AI is used in machines that apply deep learning to find solutions to unfamiliar tasks without human intervention. From driverless cars to the early identification of eye illnesses, strong AI allows computers to learn and improve on their performance through the processing of big data.
Both narrow and strong AI are having a lasting impact on our economies and the companies we invest in.
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Source: International Federation of Robotics
AI matters for investors
Learning, reasoning and self-correction lies at the heart of strong AI and is being used to improve manufacturing processes (Figure 1), advance scientific research and transform customer services through the use of big data. This enhancement of products, processes and decisions is already having an impact on companies' financials today.
The effects of AI are therefore being felt at a pan-regional and cross-sectoral level. By way of two examples, AI is being used in agriculture to optimise seed planting, fertilisation and irrigation, while in finance it is being used to automate trading, identify credit risk and bolster fraud detection services.
Yet AI remains in its infancy and its true impact through quantum computing is still relatively unknown.
Using and developing AI
For investors looking at the impact of AI today, three sectors stand out: eCommerce, technology and healthcare.
As we discussed in our Instant Insights on eCommerce and will revisit again in our upcoming publication Industrial Revolution: The Fourth Round, AI is already used widely to improve supply and distribution channels, personalise customer recommendations, improve demand forecasting and the placement of merchandise.
In the technology sector, AI is being used to enhance a number of key business components, including image recognition, cloud storage services, cognitive computer systems and language processing tools.
Turning to healthcare and as discussed in our Silver Economy Investment Views, medtech devices are deploying AI in order to improve monitoring and diagnostics. Meanwhile, AI has been used to accelerate drug development and clinical research at reduced costs.
The future of AI
With obvious and present benefits to eCommerce, technology and healthcare sectors (Figure 2), the advent of AI has encouraged companies to invest heavily in AI-based platforms. Examples of this are Google's DeepMind or cloud computing services such as Microsoft's Azure, IBM's Watson or Baidu's Apollo.
These platforms show that AI's advance cannot be ignored. Companies are investing time and resources in both the provision and development of AI platforms as well as integrating narrow and strong AI tools into their goods and services.
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Source: McKinsey Global Institute September 2018 Discussion Paper
How to invest in artificial intelligence
AI's full effect on the business world is still little understood. Its impact on manufacturing to customer profiling is nonetheless having a profound impact on the way in which eCommerce, technology and healthcare companies offer goods and services today.
With our Investment & Portfolio Advisory team at Rothschild & Co Wealth Management, we can advise on the most appropriate ways of gaining access to this rapidly evolving and long-term investment theme.
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